Chicken Pox



Cchicken pox (varicella) is a contagious illness that causes an itchy rash and red spots or blisters (pox) all over the body. chicken pox can cause problems for pregnant women, newborns, teens and adults, and people who have immune system problems that make it hard for the body to fight infection. chicken pox usually isn't a serious health problem in healthy children. But a child with chicken pox needs to stay home from school. And you may need to miss work in order to care for your child. After you have had chicken pox, you aren't likely to get it again. But the virus stays in your body long after you get over the illness. If the virus becomes active again, it can cause a painful viral infection called shingles.

chicken pox is caused by the varicella-zoster virus. It can spread easily. You can get it from an infected person who sneezes, coughs, or shares food or drinks. You can also get it if you touch the fluid from a chicken pox blister. A person who has chicken pox can spread the virus even before he or she has any symptoms. chicken pox is most easily spread from 2 to 3 days before the rash appears until all the blisters have crusted over. You are at risk for chicken pox if you have never had the illness and haven't had the chicken pox vaccine. If someone you live with gets chicken pox, your risk is even higher because of the close contact.

The first symptoms of chicken pox usually develop about 14 to 16 days after contact with a person infected with the virus. Most people feel sick and have a fever, a decreased appetite, a headache, a cough, and a sore throat. The itchy chicken pox rash usually appears about 1 or 2 days after the first symptoms start. After a chicken pox red spot appears, it usually takes about 1 or 2 days for the spot to go through all its stages. This includes blistering, bursting, drying, and crusting over. New red spots will appear every day for up to 5 to 7 days. It usually takes about 10 days after the first symptoms before all blisters have crusted over. This is when the person with chicken pox can return to day care, school, or work.

Signs & Symptoms


If you have never had chicken pox or chicken pox vaccine, typical symptoms are:

  • fever
  • blister-like rash with severe itching all over the body
  • loss of appetite
  • tiredness

  • If you have been vaccinated for chicken pox, some people can still get the disease, but it is usually mild with fewer blisters and low or no fever.

    Complications


    chicken pox is normally a mild disease. But it can be serious and can lead to complications or death, especially in high-risk people. Complications include:

    1. Bacterial infections of the skin, soft tissues, bones, joints or bloodstream (sepsis)
    2. Dehydration
    3. Pneumonia
    4. Inflammation of the brain (encephalitis)
    5. Toxic shock syndrome
    6. Reye's syndrome for people who take aspirin during chicken pox


    Dr. Narendra Patwardhan, at Hair and Skin clinic, Bhandarkar Road, Pune is an expert Cosmetologist, Dermatologist, Skin Specialist and Hair Specialist and has expert knowledge and a great deal of expertise in treating Chicken Pox.